Author: Norma Peterson (page 1 of 2)

Underwater hockey – such a favorite sport in England (Part 1)

Underwater hockey is also holds the No. 1 position in difficulty because it takes place at the bottom of the lake, players not only have to swim well, dive well, but also need the ability to hold their breath.

Underwater hockey was born very casually in a situation unrelated to sports. In 1950, the British Navy often devised a way to practice and play in a similar manner to ice hockey in the water to help divers improve their ability to move and perform effective tasks under the water. By 1954, Underwater hockey (also known as the name

Octopush) was officially considered a sport after Alan Blake founded the first Southsea Sub-Aqua Club in England. Underwater hockey was then enthusiastically responded to by a harmonious combination of swimming and diving skills, while a mixed form of hockey and basketball.

Both men and women can participate in this subject, just need to have good endurance to the challenge of holding your breath for a certain period of time underwater. They are equipped with fins, masks, snorkel, a protective glove made of rubber, a headscarf and a small stick about 30 cm long to control the puck (similar to ice hockey ball) from 1.3 – 1.5 kg is covered with plastic to create friction at the bottom of the game field.

The usual water hockey matches take place at the pool with the length of 25 m, width of 12 m, reaching depth from 2-4 m and 2 ends with 2 metal trays of 3 m length. Audience of this strange sport will watch from the lake or enjoy directly on the screen recorded by the camera or witness close-up at the mirror-design swimming pool.

The battle of “fish player”

Every underwater hockey game brings excitement and attracts viewers’ curiosity by playing “one of a kind”. Two teams waded into the water, each with 10 people (6 competitions, 4 substitutes) and recognized by the paint color of the bats.

The origin of bare-handed boxing (Part 2)

Is bare-handed boxing more safer than boxing in gloves?

“The match is shorter and the absence of gloves means it is easier to hit. It is more like a sprint than a marathon. Malignaggi is a marathon-style fighter, he will use one or two attacks throughout the 12 rounds to score. A bare-handed boxing will always benefit boxers with strong feats and fast pace. ”

In the first match of Artem Lobov in the BKFC in April, he won the point before the opponent was Jason Knight, a former MMA fighter.

Although the match images showed both Lobov and Knight filled with cuts and swelling on the body – even Knight was punched out teeth – BKFC chairman David Feldman said that the injuries of the fighters Usually, the right eye in the game is only skin, not affecting the internal organs.

Boxing with bare hand can cause cuts, bruises, but if compared to the internal tremors, bare hands boxing has no effect like Boxing wearing gloves

More specifically, he said: “I will not say barehanded is safer than MMA or Boxing but I am sure it is not more dangerous. Skin cuts and bruises will not leave lasting effects such as brain concussions or fractures.

“One of the most important things is that most fighters rarely fight with their bare hands. If I say you don’t punch the wall with your bare hands, your instincts will always automatically hold back so you don’t hurt your hands. But if you put on the gloves, you will feel more secure and punch at full power.

“Because of not punching at full force, risks related to the brain are less likely to occur.”

However, head of the brain injury association Headway Peter McCabe said: “With or without gloves, Boxing is still a dangerous sport. Every time a boxer steps on the stage they will face the risk of serious injury, like it or not.

Boxing in England: Modern martial art that has an ancient origin

Boxing is a martial art and fighting sport between two people from the West, using a punch combined with moving the legs, head and torso.

So far, no specific timeline has been set for when boxing was born. Numerous evidence indicates that boxing originated in North Africa around 4,000 BC and the Mediterranean around 1,500 BC. Greece is about 900 BC and ancient Rome 500 AD. Around 3,700 BC, in Mésopotamie (ancient Greece) has circulated boxing, ancestor of boxing today.

At the same time, Greece thrived in competitive competitions, even allowing opponents to be allowed to bring more leather or iron straps to their hands to take them down faster, because the rules of the game at that time were to come. when there is a person who can’t continue fighting anymore

In 746 BC, after Rome destroyed Greece, boxing was also brought to Rome with the enthusiastic response of the youth. However, as the development of boxing became increasingly ruthless, in 404 BC, the Roman Emperor Theodosius the First made a complete ban on boxing.

By the sixteenth century, ancient Greek and Roman boxing was a favored activity among the middle and upper classes of Britain in the Renaissance movement. From 1719 to 1730, James Figg defeated many opponents and was considered the first heavyweight boxing champion, and also the first to open a boxing school.

Then, a British next-generation champion, Jack Broughton, went further: opening a boxing school, inventing gloves to reduce accidents in competition, setting up a right-of-way rule. more sporty. In 1773, Jack Broughton revised the rules of the London ring competition to the official “Boxing Rule”.

In 1865, an English marquis, Queens Beery Vlll, improved the boxing rule into a more ambitious rule: playing only 3 innings, 3 minutes each, instead of 16 rounds as Broughton rules.

In 1872, the rules of Queens Beery were officially applied to the matches. Later Broughton rules became the professional boxing competition and Berry rules became the amateur boxing rules. In 1904, boxing was first included in the Olympic Games program and became the official game of the Olympic Games. In 1920, the World Boxing Federation (AIBA) was born. By 1994, 122 countries had joined the AIBA. So far, according to statistics on the website of AIBA, there are 194 countries under this organization.

The origin of bare-handed boxing

In recent times, bare-handed boxing has become more widely available, but where did the origins of this sport come from and is this bloody sport safer than boxing with gloves?

Explained in the simplest way, bare-handed Boxing is the most original version of Boxing. Bare boxing has existed since 1681 in England and was the main form of British martial arts competition until 1867, the year the Marquess of Queensberry was introduced.

This is the law that is considered the foundation for modern Boxing because of the existence of a law requiring martial artists to wear gloves to protect their hands. Thanks to a change in the rules, boxing became more famous and recognized as an Olympic sport in the early 20th century.

Meanwhile, boxing without gloves has become an underground sport and is the fishing rod of the punches for many different reasons that can not compete professionally or amateur.

Boxing-free boxing was largely forgotten by the public until the Bare Knuckle Fighting Championship (BKFC) was formed in 2018, which is the only league to legalize airless matches since 1889.

It was not until 2018 that bare-handed boxing developed again after nearly 130 years of being forgotten

Rules of bare-handed Boxing like?

Despite being promoted as brutal barefoot battles, the boxers are still forced to use handwrap to minimize the possibility of dislocated hands as possible.

The rules of non-glove matches are similar to amateur and professional rules in places such as biting, hitting, hitting the back of the neck and using elbows. However, the non-glove Boxers are allowed to strike in a hugging position similar to Muay Thai (Dirty Boxing technique).

A half will last for 2 minutes and a match will have 3, 5 or 7 periods depending on the organizers.

Former UFC boxer Artem Lobov said that this competition format is not suitable for professional fighters like Malignaggi, more specifically he describes that Boxing without gloves is like a sprint race, while professional Boxing is a marathon.

Golf is from the Netherlands, not Scotland

The discovery by German scientist Heiner Gillmeister is sparking discontent among the golf-loving public in Scotland – the country that prides itself on being the home of this game. However, the evidence presented by Gillmeister is quite valid: Golf was originally created by the Dutch!

Golf was once banned in Scotland

Heiner Gillmeister – an English language professor and professor of sports history at the University of Bonn (Germany) – analyzed the first written texts on golf. The reason that Scotland insists that they are the hometown of golf is based on two documents The first is the law of the city parliament of Edinburg issued on 6 March 1457, which states “banning football and golf”.

The second text is the 1491 law, which states “banning football, golf and all sports is of no national interest”. That is, around the 15th century in Scotland there was a sport called golf, and the sport was banned because it did not provide specific benefits such as archery or fencing for example (these two subjects could help the nation defense).

“It is worth noting that in both of the aforementioned documents, a light sport like golf is listed in the same category as football,” said Gillmeier. referring to a different sport from today’s golf. And that is probably hockey. “

To prove the hypothesis, Gillmeier found a text by Earl Gilbert Hay, who in 1460 in a book about Emperor Alexander described “golf staff” and golf game in Scotland. But in this game, the ball is played back and forth between the two teams, similar to hockey, unlike the golf we know today.

For these reasons, Gillmeier insists golf cannot be of Scottish origin. He said that the “golf” in English is derived from the Dutch “kolve” or “kolf” – which is used to describe the goat shepherd’s stick in the country. In addition, the first work on the sport “golf” was written by a Dutchman – Count Pieter van Afferden. In this Latin book, van Afferden devotes a whole chapter to a detailed description of the art of golf. In it, it is clear that the player uses a stick like the goatsman’s stick to push the ball into a fixed hole.

Gillmeier said: “Van Afferden’s text shows that golfing first appeared in the Netherlands, and was later introduced into Scotland and boycotted by the aristocracy. However, it has grown so much in Scotland that people think Scotland is the home of golf “.

Kane scored a hat-trick for England

Striker Harry Kane helped England beat Bulgaria 4-0 at home to Wembley in the Euro 2020 qualifier on 7/9.

England 4-0 Bulgaria

Kane put the ball into Bulgaria for the first time in the 19th minute, but the referee stretched the flag for Tottenham striker offside. Even so, it only took him four more minutes to celebrate the goal. A mistake by the home side’s backline helped Raheem Sterling to steal the ball, then passed to Kane to cross the corner into the opening goal.

Bulgaria – the team ranked 60th in FIFA and at the end of Group A in the Euro qualifier – almost had no counterattack. The away team suffered a defeat and conceded a goal in the second half. 49 minutes into the match, Marcus Rashford broke through the penalty area and was fouled by defender Nikolay Bodurov. From the penalty spot, Kane decisively takes the lead to 2-0.

The trio attacked Kane, Sterling, and Rashford to continue to increase the score to 3-0 in the 55 minute. Kane catches the opponent’s pass, passing to Rashford. The Man Utd club striker rushed into the middle and released the ball to Kane on the left. Kane caught the ball with a beat, then stretched it to Sterling to close the ball with his thigh into the net.

Kane’s hat-trick was fixed in the 73rd minute, also from the penalty. He was fouled by Kristian Dimitrov in the penalty area and converted the penalty into a goal by himself. In the remaining minutes, Rashford had the opportunity to face but hit the ball on goalkeeper Plamen Liev. But, the 4-0 victory still ensures Gareth Southgate’s teachers and students lead Group A with three wins. Second place unexpectedly belongs to Kosovo – the team also won the Czech Republic 2-1 on 7/9.

The achievements gained in the last decade has not satisfied the English tennis star

Although compatriots have just replicated the achievements of their seniors 20 years ago at Wimbledon, the world’s No. 1 tennis player Andy Murray believes that the performance of English tennis can be even better.

The third day of Wimbledon is the successful day of the host country’s tennis. All four players in the single event, including Heather Watson, Aljaz Bedene, Johanna Konta and Andy Murray, all won.

Previously 20 years ago, Tim Henman, Greg Rusedski, Andrew Richardson and Mark Petchy were the English players who participated in the third round. Henman and Rusedski then went to the quarterfinals.

This is the first time since 1997, the United Kingdom has only four players reached the Wimbledon third round. This number could be increased to 5 if Kyle Edmund defeated 15th seed Gael Monfils tonight.

But instead of praising the country media, head Andy Murray said this was not the time to celebrate: “Of course it is good to have so many English players competing and winning the match. But don’t judge it as a final goal or like a milestone. ”

The world No. 1 player emphasizes that fellow players need to set a higher goal and only celebrate when going deep in the next rounds, rather than happy with the current results.

Murray wants fellow players to try harder instead of being satisfied with the current performance. “Why not try to have 5-6 or more players make it to the quarterfinals? It is important that you set your goals as high as possible, “says Murray.” Players like Kyle, Heather or Jo can play even better. “

For Murray, the Scottish tennis player believes that he is strong enough to defend the title despite not completely recovering from a hip injury.

In the third round, Murray is expected to have an uneasy match against Fabio Fognini, who beat him at the Rome Masters in May.

Scotland – “The Land of Golf” (Part 2)

Royal Troon

A 1.5-hour drive from Edinburgh through Glasgow City – Scotland’s largest city, we reach the South Ayrshire Sea, the landmark of the famous Royal Troon golf course that has existed for 138 years.

This is the arena of The Open 2016, the third most prestigious Major of the year and also the oldest and only Major prize to be held outside the United States. In the yard cluster at Troon Golf, there are more than 10 adjacent courts designed as links and we were fortunate to experience a round of golf at the ancient Troon Links Course.

My sense of the difficulty of this yard is the same as the other courses in Scotland, still wind challenges, dense well-bunker and knee-high rough grass. You have to calculate the drop point of the ball within 180 yards of the ball with par 4, 5 or more, the new ball is in the fairway.

There are golf courses where you can risk a ball driver that can be “1 on green”, but if you can’t do it it will be very easy to lead to disaster. Even if you have to do everything yourself from scratching the sand, fixing ball marks, filling divots of fairway blows or cleaning sticks, etc. but these are interesting experiences in my golf life.

Back to The Open 2016, we clearly see the preparation work is detailed to each stage to become the festival of the world graves of the world. There is no better thing for golfers who have arrived here in the week of the wonderful festivals of The Open.

Epilogue

Ending a golf journey full of our interesting experiences is a message to those who love and love this game once in a lifetime to “The Home of Golf”, you will experience the Scotland’s most beautiful golf course, of course, is indispensable for St Andrews, and visits the most ancient cities in Europe that appear across London’s lands to Scotland and the United Kingdom.

Scotland – “The Land of Golf” (Part 1)

Scotland has long been consider “The land of golf”. Let’s check out the most beautiful golf courses in Scotland!

St Andrews Old Course – The dream of golfers

From the ancient city of Edinburgh, we arrived at the legendary St Andrews Old Course – the dream of most golfers in the world. Weaving through small roads and crossing many green carpets on both sides of the wheat and pasture is a great and classic St Andrews Old Course with fairway and green connecting holes 1 and 18.

It is a legendary stone bridge, which marks millions of steps of the world’s top golfers who have passed through every major tournament that took place here, including The Open Championship.

St Andrews Old Course

St Andrews Links is a cluster of 7 golf courses designed according to the form of “linked Course” including Old Course, The Castle Course, New Course, Jubilee Course, Eden Course, Strathtyrum Course, and Balgove Course, creating the same definition. Permanent glass for a St Andrews Links of 464 years old.

The courtyard is known for two “specialties” being the wind and the bunker. When you calculate the balls that can be solved 2 this means you have won yourself. The yard and fairway conditions of the course are very suitable for top-level matches, rough grasses (the green and fairway sections) in most Scottish courts usually left natural, so whenever the ball position is outside the fairway, you have to calculate defense solutions rather than attacking flags.

Royal Dornoch

Royal Dornoch Golf Course was introduced as the third most beautiful golf course after St Andrews, Muirfield, and the Ballantine’s International Cup 2016 final round, bringing together golfers from many countries around the world to qualify for the region. come to Scotland. When we got off the car, our group admired the beauty of this 400-year-old golf course, everything was preserved and the golf course was well maintained so that viewers could feel the featured symbol of Scotland.

From the experiences in the first day of practice and competition, I found that the links design is close to the coast, it is often difficult for you to direct the ball to the flag, only so you can ensure safety.

The origin and some popular horse racing forms in England

Horse racing was born in the years 684 BC existed for centuries. This sport is also called another name “Royal Sports“. In the Roman period, there were some of the first horse races to take place, and were included in the Olumpic program in Europe.

Horse racing’s origin

Horse racing has been popular in both England and the United States since the early eighteenth century, each with different ways of organizing, scale and operating. And starting from here, the British began to breed professional breeds for racing.

In 1751, in England began the establishment of small and medium horse racing clubs. At that time, it was released a book about the pure horse breeds that specialized in competitions, this book is called “The Book of Breeds of Animals”.

In the United States, this equestrian sport has been around since the 17th century (formed before England, Britain began investing in purebred horses).

SOME TYPES OF CURRENT CURRENT RACING RACES

In the form of flat-line horse racing, it is only allowed to use purebred racehorses, Which horses will reach the finish line first. In this form, there are specific and clear rules and regulations that require a high degree of fairness. In a tournament, not only horse racing, but also a kind of entertainment that is accompanied by “seahorses”. Therefore, it is required that the organizers have to be highly specialized, must have strict management systems.

“Obstacle horse racing” is also quite a popular form, also using purebred horses. This type is not much different from flat horse racing, the result is based mainly on the speed.

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