Boxing is a martial art and fighting sport between two people from the West, using a punch combined with moving the legs, head and torso.
So far, no specific timeline has been set for when boxing was born. Numerous evidence indicates that boxing originated in North Africa around 4,000 BC and the Mediterranean around 1,500 BC. Greece is about 900 BC and ancient Rome 500 AD. Around 3,700 BC, in Mésopotamie (ancient Greece) has circulated boxing, ancestor of boxing today.
At the same time, Greece thrived in competitive competitions, even allowing opponents to be allowed to bring more leather or iron straps to their hands to take them down faster, because the rules of the game at that time were to come. when there is a person who can’t continue fighting anymore
In 746 BC, after Rome destroyed Greece, boxing was also brought to Rome with the enthusiastic response of the youth. However, as the development of boxing became increasingly ruthless, in 404 BC, the Roman Emperor Theodosius the First made a complete ban on boxing.
By the sixteenth century, ancient Greek and Roman boxing was a favored activity among the middle and upper classes of Britain in the Renaissance movement. From 1719 to 1730, James Figg defeated many opponents and was considered the first heavyweight boxing champion, and also the first to open a boxing school.
Then, a British next-generation champion, Jack Broughton, went further: opening a boxing school, inventing gloves to reduce accidents in competition, setting up a right-of-way rule. more sporty. In 1773, Jack Broughton revised the rules of the London ring competition to the official “Boxing Rule”.
In 1865, an English marquis, Queens Beery Vlll, improved the boxing rule into a more ambitious rule: playing only 3 innings, 3 minutes each, instead of 16 rounds as Broughton rules.
In 1872, the rules of Queens Beery were officially applied to the matches. Later Broughton rules became the professional boxing competition and Berry rules became the amateur boxing rules. In 1904, boxing was first included in the Olympic Games program and became the official game of the Olympic Games. In 1920, the World Boxing Federation (AIBA) was born. By 1994, 122 countries had joined the AIBA. So far, according to statistics on the website of AIBA, there are 194 countries under this organization.