The discovery by German scientist Heiner Gillmeister is sparking discontent among the golf-loving public in Scotland – the country that prides itself on being the home of this game. However, the evidence presented by Gillmeister is quite valid: Golf was originally created by the Dutch!

Golf was once banned in Scotland

Heiner Gillmeister – an English language professor and professor of sports history at the University of Bonn (Germany) – analyzed the first written texts on golf. The reason that Scotland insists that they are the hometown of golf is based on two documents The first is the law of the city parliament of Edinburg issued on 6 March 1457, which states “banning football and golf”.

The second text is the 1491 law, which states “banning football, golf and all sports is of no national interest”. That is, around the 15th century in Scotland there was a sport called golf, and the sport was banned because it did not provide specific benefits such as archery or fencing for example (these two subjects could help the nation defense).

“It is worth noting that in both of the aforementioned documents, a light sport like golf is listed in the same category as football,” said Gillmeier. referring to a different sport from today’s golf. And that is probably hockey. “

To prove the hypothesis, Gillmeier found a text by Earl Gilbert Hay, who in 1460 in a book about Emperor Alexander described “golf staff” and golf game in Scotland. But in this game, the ball is played back and forth between the two teams, similar to hockey, unlike the golf we know today.

For these reasons, Gillmeier insists golf cannot be of Scottish origin. He said that the “golf” in English is derived from the Dutch “kolve” or “kolf” – which is used to describe the goat shepherd’s stick in the country. In addition, the first work on the sport “golf” was written by a Dutchman – Count Pieter van Afferden. In this Latin book, van Afferden devotes a whole chapter to a detailed description of the art of golf. In it, it is clear that the player uses a stick like the goatsman’s stick to push the ball into a fixed hole.

Gillmeier said: “Van Afferden’s text shows that golfing first appeared in the Netherlands, and was later introduced into Scotland and boycotted by the aristocracy. However, it has grown so much in Scotland that people think Scotland is the home of golf “.